What is Prostate Cancer?
Men with Prostate Cancer have small tumours in the prostate. In the early stages, when the cancer cells are only in the prostate, 90% of the cases can be successfully treated. Unfortunately, during the early stages symptoms are very difficult to recognize. Without regular testing (PSA and DRE) it is very difficult to detect early stage Prostate Cancer. Prostate Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body and produce secondary tumours (metastases) if untreated. At this point the chances of successful treatment are much lower. Prostate Cancer, most commonly spreads to the bones and lymph nodes. Prostate Cancer BC suggests that men over 40 have a conversation with their doctor about the PSA and DRE.
The most common cancer in Canadian Men – will afflict 1 in 7 during their lifetime. It is more common where there is a family history and it is being diagnosed more frequently in younger men. Research suggests that diet, environmental factors and genetics can impact Prostate Cancer occurence. It is estimated 25,500 Canadian men will be diagnosed this year, often without symptoms in its earliest, most treatable stage. In BC 3,400 will be diagnosed and 530 will die.